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Baker Island Geography 1996

    • Affiliation:
      (territory of the US)

    • Location:
      Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        1.4 sq km

        land area:
        1.4 sq km

        comparative area:
        about 2.3 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      4.8 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun

    • Terrain:
      low, nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef

    • Natural resources:
      guano (deposits worked until 1891)

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      0 sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        no natural fresh water resources

        natural hazards:
        the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

        international agreements:

    • Note:
      treeless, sparse, and scattered vegetation consisting of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife

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