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Bangladesh Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        144,000 sq km

        land area:
        133,910 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Wisconsin

    • Land boundaries:
      total 4,246 km, Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km

    • Coastline:
      580 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        18 nm

        continental shelf:
        up to the outer limits of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      a portion of the boundary with India is in dispute; water-sharing problems with upstream riparian India over the Ganges

    • Climate:
      tropical; cool, dry winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)

    • Terrain:
      mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

    • Natural resources:
      natural gas, arable land, timber

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      27,380 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; limited access to potable water; water-borne diseases prevalent; water pollution especially of fishing areas results from the use of commercial pesticides; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation; deforestation; severe overpopulation

        natural hazards:
        droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely flooded during the summer monsoon season

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Law of the Sea

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