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Belarus


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Belarus

        conventional short form:
        Belarus

        local long form:
        Respublika Byelarus'

        local short form:
        none

        former:
        Belorussian (Byelorussian) Soviet Socialist Republic

    • Digraph:
      BO

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Minsk

    • Administrative divisions:
      6 voblastsi (singular - voblasts') and one municipality* (harady, singular - horad); Brestskaya (Brest), Homyel'skaya (Homyel'), Horad Minsk*, Hrodzyenskaya (Hrodna), Mahilyowskaya (Mahilyow), Minskaya, Vitsyebskaya (Vitsyebsk)

        note:
        the administrative centers of the voblastsi are included in parentheses

    • Independence:
      25 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 27 July (1990)

    • Constitution:
      adopted 15 March 1994; replaces constitution of April 1978

    • Legal system:
      based on civil law system

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Aleksandr LUKASHENKO (since 20 July 1994); election held June 24 and 10 July 1994 (next to be held NA 1999); Aleksandr LUKASHENKO 80%, Vyacheslav KEBICH 14%

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Mikhail CHIGIR (since July 1994); Deputy Prime Ministers Vladimir GARKUN, Viktor GONCHAR, Sergey LING, Mikhail MYASNIKOVICH, Valeriy KOKAREV (since NA)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers

        note:
        first presidential elections took place in June-July 1994

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Supreme Soviet:
        elections last held 4 April 1990 (next to be held 14 May 1995); results - Communists 87%; seats - (360 total) number of seats by party NA; note - 50 seats are for public bodies; the Communist Party obtained an overwhelming majority

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Belarusian Popular Front (BPF), Zenon POZNYAK, chairman; Party of Popular Accord, Gennadiy KARPENKO; Union of Belarusian Entreprenuers, V. N. KARYAGIN; Belarusian Party of Communists, Vasiliy NOVIKOV, Viktor CHIKIN, chairmen; Belarus Peasant Party, Yevgeniy LUGIN, chairman; Belarusian Socialist Party, Vyacheslav KUZNETSOV, chairman; Belarusian Social Democrat Party (SDBP), Oleg TRUSOV, Stanislav SHUSHKEVICH, chairmen; Agrarian Party of Belarus, Aleksandr DUBKO; United Democratic Party of Belarus (UDPB), Aleksandr DOBROVOLSKIY, chairman; Independent Trade Unions, Sergey ANTONCHIK, chairman

    • Member of:
      CCC, CE (guest), CEI (associate members), CIS, EBRD, ECE, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IFC, ILO, IMF, INMARSAT, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, NACC, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Sergey Nikolayevich MARTYNOV

        chancery:
        1619 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 986-1604

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 986-1805

        consulate(s) general:
        New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Kenneth Spencer YALOWITZ

        embassy:
        Starovilenskaya #46, Minsk

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [7] (0172) 34-65-37

    • Flag:
      three horizontal bands of white (top), red, and white






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