. Geo Names
Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Mexico
Central America and the Caribbean
slightly larger than Massachusetts
total 516 km, Guatemala 266 km, Mexico 250 km
12 nm in the north, 3 nm in the south; note - from the mouth of the Sarstoon
River to Ranguana Cay, Belize's territorial sea is 3 miles; according to
Belize's Maritime Areas Act, 1992, the purpose of this limitation is to
provide a framework for the negotiation of a definitive agreement on
territorial differences with Guatemala
Border with Guatemala in dispute; talks to resolve the dispute are stalled.
(Followig received from Melanie Quigley, a student in the Master's Program in
International Relations at the University of San Diego, firstname.lastname@example.org):
<"br>Dispute with Guatemala is not due to our
borders but the entire territory of Belize.
Guatemala is claiming the
entire territory of Belize as hers, arguing that she inherited the
territory of Belize from Spain in 1821 (date of Central American
independence from Spain).
Because of this territorial claim, Guatemala
does not recognize the independence of Belize."
tropical; very hot and humid; rainy season (May to February)
flat, swampy coastal plain; low mountains in south
arable land potential, timber, fish
deforestation; water pollution from sewage, industrial effluents,
frequent, devastating hurricanes (September to December) and coastal
flooding (especially in south)
party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea,
national capital moved 80 km inland from Belize City to Belmopan because of
hurricanes; only country in Central America without a coastline on the North