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Benin Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Nigeria and Togo

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        112,620 sq km

        land area:
        110,620 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,989 km, Burkina 306 km, Niger 266 km, Nigeria 773 km, Togo 644 km

    • Coastline:
      121 km

    • Maritime claims:

        territorial sea:
        200 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

    • Terrain:
      mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains

    • Natural resources:
      small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      60 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        recent droughts have severely affected marginal agriculture in north; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification

        natural hazards:
        hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north in winter

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      no natural harbors

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