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Bhutan Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southern Asia, between China and India

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        47,000 sq km

        land area:
        47,000 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than half the size of Indiana

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,075 km, China 470 km, India 605 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas

    • Terrain:
      mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna

    • Natural resources:
      timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbide

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      340 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        soil erosion; limited access to potable water

        natural hazards:
        violent storms coming down from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season

        international agreements:
        party to - Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      landlocked; strategic location between China and India; controls several key Himalayan mountain passes

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