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Bolivia Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Central South America, southwest of Brazil

    • Map references:
      South America

    • Area:

        total area:
        1,098,580 sq km

        land area:
        1,084,390 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than three times the size of Montana

    • Land boundaries:
      total 6,743 km, Argentina 832 km, Brazil 3,400 km, Chile 861 km, Paraguay 750 km, Peru 900 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      has wanted a sovereign corridor to the South Pacific Ocean since the Atacama area was lost to Chile in 1884; dispute with Chile over Rio Lauca water rights

    • Climate:
      varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid

    • Terrain:
      rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin

    • Natural resources:
      tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      1,650 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        the clearing of land for agricultural purposes and the international demand for tropical timber are contributing to deforestation; soil erosion from overgrazing and poor cultivation methods (including slash-and-burn agriculture); desertification; loss of biodiversity; industrial pollution of water supplies used for drinking and irrigation

        natural hazards:
        cold, thin air of high plateau is obstacle to efficient fuel combustion, as well as to physical activity by those unaccustomed to it from birth; flooding in the northeast (March to April)

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection

    • Note:
      landlocked; shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake (elevation 3,805 m), with Peru

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