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British Indian Ocean Territory


    • Affiliation:
      (dependent territory of the UK)

    • Location:
      Southern Asia, archipelago in the Indian Ocean, about one-half the way from Africa to Indonesia

    • Map references:
      World

    • Area:

        total area:
        60 sq km

        land area:
        60 sq km

        comparative area:
        about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

        note:
        includes the island of Diego Garcia

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      698 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        3 nm

    • International disputes:
      the entire Chagos Archipelago is claimed by Mauritius

    • Climate:
      tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds

    • Terrain:
      flat and low (up to 4 meters in elevation)

    • Natural resources:
      coconuts, fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        0%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        0%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        100%

    • Irrigated land:
      0 sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        NA

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        NA

    • Note:
      archipelago of 2,300 islands; Diego Garcia, largest and southernmost island, occupies strategic location in central Indian Ocean; island is site of joint US-UK military facility






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