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Brunei Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia

    • Map references:
      Southeast Asia

    • Area:

        total area:
        5,770 sq km

        land area:
        5,270 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Delaware

    • Land boundaries:
      total 381 km, Malysia 381 km

    • Coastline:
      161 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm or to median line

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      may wish to purchase the Malaysian salient that divides the country; all of the Spratly Islands are claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam; parts of them are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines; in 1984, Brunei established an exclusive fishing zone that encompasses Louisa Reef, but has not publicly claimed the island

    • Climate:
      tropical; hot, humid, rainy

    • Terrain:
      flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, timber

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      10 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:

        natural hazards:
        typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are very rare

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      close to vital sea lanes through South China Sea linking Indian and Pacific Oceans; two parts physically separated by Malaysia; almost an enclave of Malaysia

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