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Burkina


    • Location:
      Western Africa, north of Ghana

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        274,200 sq km

        land area:
        273,800 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Colorado

    • Land boundaries:
      total 3,192 km, Benin 306 km, Ghana 548 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      following mutual acceptance of an International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruling in December 1986 on their international boundary dispute, Burkina and Mali are proceeding with boundary demarcation, including the tripoint with Niger

    • Climate:
      tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers

    • Terrain:
      mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast

    • Natural resources:
      manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, antimony, copper, nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphates, zinc, silver

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        10%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        37%

        forest and woodland:
        26%

        other:
        27%

    • Irrigated land:
      160 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation

        natural hazards:
        recurring droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

    • Note:
      landlocked






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