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Cambodia Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand and Vietnam

    • Map references:
      Southeast Asia

    • Area:

        total area:
        181,040 sq km

        land area:
        176,520 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Oklahoma

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,572 km, Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km

    • Coastline:
      443 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        200 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      offshore islands and sections of the boundary with Vietnam are in dispute; maritime boundary with Vietnam not defined; parts of border with Thailand in dispute; maritime boundary with Thailand not clearly defined

    • Climate:
      tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation

    • Terrain:
      mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

    • Natural resources:
      timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      920 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand are resulting in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); deforestation; soil erosion; in rural areas, a majority of the population does not have access to potable water

        natural hazards:
        monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Marine Life Conservation, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

    • Note:
      a land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap

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