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Cameroon


    • Location:
      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        475,440 sq km

        land area:
        469,440 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than California

    • Land boundaries:
      total 4,591 km, Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km

    • Coastline:
      402 km

    • Maritime claims:

        territorial sea:
        50 nm

    • International disputes:
      demarcation of international boundaries in Lake Chad, the lack of which led to border incidents in the past, is completed and awaits ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria; dispute with Nigeria over land and maritime boundaries in the vicinity of the Bakasi Peninsula has been referred to the International Court of Justice

    • Climate:
      varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north

    • Terrain:
      diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower potential

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        13%

        permanent crops:
        2%

        meadows and pastures:
        18%

        forest and woodland:
        54%

        other:
        13%

    • Irrigated land:
      280 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        water-borne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing

        natural hazards:
        recent volcanic activity with release of poisonous gases

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Nuclear Test Ban, Tropical Timber 94

    • Note:
      sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa






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