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Central African Republic


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Central African Republic

        conventional short form:
        none

        local long form:
        Republique Centrafricaine

        local short form:
        none

        former:
        Central African Empire

    • Abbreviation:
      CAR

    • Digraph:
      CT

    • Type:
      republic;

    • Capital:
      Bangui

    • Administrative divisions:
      14 prefectures (prefectures, singular - prefecture), 2 economic prefectures* (prefectures economiques, singular - prefecture economique), and 1 commune**; Bamingui-Bangoran, Bangui** Basse-Kotto, Gribingui*, Haute-Kotto, Haute-Sangha, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo-Gribingui, Lobaye, Mbomou, Nana-Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha*, Vakaga

    • Independence:
      13 August 1960 (from France)

    • National holiday:
      National Day, 1 December (1958) (proclamation of the republic)

    • Constitution:
      21 November 1986

    • Legal system:
      based on French law

    • Suffrage:
      21 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Ange PATASSE (since 22 October 1993); election last held 19 September 1993 (next scheduled for 1998); PATASSE received 52.45% of the votes and Abel GOUMBA received 45.62%

        head of government:
        Prime Minister (vacant) (Dr. Jean-Luc MANDABA resigned on 11 April 1995)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale):
        elections last held 19 September 1993; results - percentage vote by party NA; seats - (85 total) MLPC 33, RDC 14, PLD 7, ADP 6, PSD 3, others 22

        note:
        the National Assembly is advised by the Economic and Regional Council (Conseil Economique et Regional); when they sit together they are called the Congress (Congres)

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People (MLPC), the party of the new president, Ange Felix PATASSE; Movement for Democracy and Development (MDD), David DACKO; Marginal Movement for Democracy, Renaissance and Evolution (MDREC), Joseph BENDOUNGA; Central African Democratic Assembly (RDC), Andre KOLINGBA; Patriotic Front for Progress (FFP), Abel GOUMBA; Civic Forum (FC), Gen. Timothee MALENDOMA

    • Member of:
      ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Henri KOBA (appointed 19 September 1994)

        chancery:
        1618 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 483-7800, 7801

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 332-9893

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Robert E. GRIBBIN III

        embassy:
        Avenue David Dacko, Bangui

        mailing address:
        B. P. 924, Bangui

        telephone:
        [236] 61 02 00, 61 25 78, 61 02 10

        FAX:
        [236] 61 44 94

    • Flag:
      four equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, green, and yellow with a vertical red band in center; there is a yellow five-pointed star on the hoist side of the blue band






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