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Comoros


    • Location:
      Southern Africa, group of islands in the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        2,170 sq km

        land area:
        2,170 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      340 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      claims French-administered Mayotte

    • Climate:
      tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

    • Terrain:
      volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills

    • Natural resources:
      negligible

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        35%

        permanent crops:
        8%

        meadows and pastures:
        7%

        forest and woodland:
        16%

        other:
        34%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        soil degradation and erosion results from crop cultivation on slopes without proper terracing; deforestation

        natural hazards:
        cyclones and tsunamis possible during rainy season (December to April); Mount Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Desertification

    • Note:
      important location at northern end of Mozambique Channel






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