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Croatia Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

    • Map references:
      Ethnic Groups in Eastern Europe, Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        56,538 sq km

        land area:
        56,410 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than West Virginia

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,028 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia and Montenegro 266 km (241 km with Serbia; 25 km with Montenego), Slovenia 501 km

    • Coastline:
      5,790 km (mainland 1,778 km, islands 4,012 km)

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

    • International disputes:
      Ethnic Serbs have occupied UN protected areas in eastern Croatia and along the western Bosnia and Herzegovinian border

    • Climate:
      Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

    • Terrain:
      geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coast, coastline, and islands

    • Natural resources:
      oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; widespread casualties and destruction of infrastructure in border areas affected by civil strife

        natural hazards:
        frequent and destructive earthquakes

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification

    • Note:
      controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits

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