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Czech Republic


    • Location:
      Central Europe, southeast of Germany

    • Map references:
      Ethnic Groups in Eastern Europe, Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        78,703 sq km

        land area:
        78,645 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than South Carolina

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,880 km, Austria 362 km, Germany 646 km, Poland 658 km, Slovakia 214 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      Liechtenstein claims restitution for l,600 square kilometers of Czech territory confiscated from its royal family in 1918; Sudeten German claims for restitution of property confiscated in connection with their expulsion after World War II versus the Czech Republic claims that restitution does not preceed before February 1948 when the Communists seized power; unresolved property issues with Slovakia over redistribution of property of the former Czechoslovak federal government

    • Climate:
      temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

    • Terrain:
      two main regions: Bohemia in the west, consisting of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; and Moravia in the east, consisting of very hilly country

    • Natural resources:
      hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        NA%

        permanent crops:
        NA%

        meadows and pastures:
        NA%

        forest and woodland:
        NA%

        other:
        NA%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia centered around Zeplica and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe






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