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Djibouti Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        22,000 sq km

        land area:
        21,980 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Massachusetts

    • Land boundaries:
      total 508 km, Eritrea 113 km, Ethiopia 337 km, Somalia 58 km

    • Coastline:
      314 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      desert; torrid, dry

    • Terrain:
      coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

    • Natural resources:
      geothermal areas

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification

        natural hazards:
        earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Climate Change, Desertification

    • Note:
      strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; a vast wasteland

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