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Dominican Republic


    • Location:
      Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

    • Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

    • Area:

        total area:
        48,730 sq km

        land area:
        48,380 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

    • Land boundaries:
      total 275 km, Haiti 275 km

    • Coastline:
      1,288 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        6 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

    • Terrain:
      rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

    • Natural resources:
      nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        23%

        permanent crops:
        7%

        meadows and pastures:
        43%

        forest and woodland:
        13%

        other:
        14%

    • Irrigated land:
      2,250 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation

        natural hazards:
        occasional hurricanes (July to October)

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti)






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Revised 13-August-1997