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Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Geography 1996

    • Affiliation:
      (dependent territory of the UK)

    • Location:
      Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina

    • Map references:
      South America

    • Area:

        total area:
        12,170 sq km

        land area:
        12,170 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Connecticut

        includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      1,288 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200 nm

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      administered by the UK, claimed by Argentina

    • Climate:
      cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate

    • Terrain:
      rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

    • Natural resources:
      fish, wildlife

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:

        natural hazards:
        strong winds persist throughout the year

        international agreements:

    • Note:
      deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season

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