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Gabon


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Gabonese Republic

        conventional short form:
        Gabon

        local long form:
        Republique Gabonaise

        local short form:
        Gabon

    • Digraph:
      GB

    • Type:
      republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized 1990)

    • Capital:
      Libreville

    • Administrative divisions:
      9 provinces; Estuaire, Haut-Ogooue, Moyen-Ogooue, Ngounie, Nyanga, Ogooue-Ivindo, Ogooue-Lolo, Ogooue-Maritime, Woleu-Ntem

    • Independence:
      17 August 1960 (from France)

    • National holiday:
      Renovation Day, 12 March (1968) (Gabonese Democratic Party established)

    • Constitution:
      adopted 14 March 1991

    • Legal system:
      based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court; compulsory ICJ jurisdiction not accepted

    • Suffrage:
      21 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President El Hadj Omar BONGO (since 2 December 1967); election last held on 5 December 1993 (next to be held 1998); results - President Omar BONGO was reelected with 51% of the vote

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Paulin OBAME Nguema (since 9 December 1994)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale):
        elections last held on 5 December 1993 (next to be held by 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (120 total) PDG 62, Morena-Bucherons/RNB 19, PGP 18, National Recovery Movement (Morena-Original) 7, APSG 6, USG 4, CRP 1, independents 3

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG, former sole party), Jaques ADIAHENOT, Secretary General; National Recovery Movement - Lumberjacks (Morena-Bucherons/RNB), Fr. Paul M'BA-ABESSOLE, leader; Gabonese Party for Progress (PGP), Pierre-Louis AGONDHO-OKAWE, President; National Recovery Movement (Morena-Original), Pierre ZONGUE-NGUEMA, Chairman; Association for Socialism in Gabon (APSG), leader NA; Gabonese Socialist Union (USG), leader NA; Circle for Renewal and Progress (CRP), leader NA; Union for Democracy and Development (UDD), leader NA; Rally of Democrats (RD), leader NA; Forces of Change for Democratic Union, leader NA

    • Member of:
      ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS (associate), ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPEC, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Paul BOUNDOUKOU-LATHA

        chancery:
        2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007, Suite 200

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 797-1000

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Joseph C. WILSON IV

        embassy:
        Boulevard de la Mer, Libreville

        mailing address:
        B. P. 4000, Libreville

        telephone:
        [241] 76 20 03 through 76 20 04, 74 34 92

        FAX:
        [241] 74 55 07

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and blue






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