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Gaza Strip


    • Note:
      The Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements ("the DOP"), signed in Washington on 13 September 1993, provides for a transitional period not exceeding five years of Palestinian interim self-government in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Under the DOP, final status negotiations are to begin no later than the beginning of the third year of the transitional period.

    • Location:
      Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Israel

    • Map references:
      Middle East

    • Area:

        total area:
        360 sq km

        land area:
        360 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC

    • Land boundaries:
      total 62 km, Egypt 11 km, Israel 51 km

    • Coastline:
      40 km

    • Maritime claims:
      Israeli occupied with interim status subject to Israeli/Palestinian negotiations - final status to be determined

    • International disputes:
      West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli occupied with interim status subject to Israeli/Palestinian negotiations - final status to be determined

    • Climate:
      temperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers

    • Terrain:
      flat to rolling, sand- and dune-covered coastal plain

    • Natural resources:
      negligible

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        13%

        permanent crops:
        32%

        meadows and pastures:
        0%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        55%

    • Irrigated land:
      115 sq km (1992 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        desertification

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        NA

    • Note:
      there are 24 Jewish settlements and civilian land use sites in the Gaza Strip (August 1994 est.)






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