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    • Location:
        Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey

    • Map references:

    • Area:

    • total area:
        131,940 sq km

    • land area:
        130,800 sq km

    • comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Alabama

    • Land boundaries:
        total 1,210 km, Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km, Turkey 206 km, FYROM 228 km

    • Coastline:
        13,676 km

    • Maritime claims:

    • continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

    • territorial sea:
        6 nm

    • International disputes:
        complex maritime, air, and territorial disputes with Turkey in Aegean Sea; Cyprus question; dispute with The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia over name, symbols, and certain constitutional provisions; Greece is involved in a bilateral dispute with Albania over border demarcation, the treatment of Albania's ethnic Greek minority, and migrant Albanian workers in Greece

    • Climate:
        temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers

    • Terrain:
        mostly mountains with ranges extending into sea as peninsulas or chains of islands

    • Natural resources:
        bauxite, lignite, magnesite, petroleum, marble

    • Land use:

    • arable land:

    • permanent crops:

    • meadows and pastures:

    • forest and woodland:

    • other:

    • Irrigated land:
        11,900 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

    • current issues:
        air pollution; water pollution

    • natural hazards:
        severe earthquakes
    • international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
        strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and southern approach to Turkish Straits; a peninsular country, possessing an archipelago of about 2,000 islands

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