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Guam


    • Affiliation:
      (territory of the US)

    • Location:
      Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

    • Map references:
      Oceania

    • Area:

        total area:
        541.3 sq km

        land area:
        541.3 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      125.5 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation

    • Terrain:
      volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coraline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water) with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low-rising hills in center, mountains in south

    • Natural resources:
      fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        11%

        permanent crops:
        11%

        meadows and pastures:
        15%

        forest and woodland:
        18%

        other:
        45%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        NA

        natural hazards:
        frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (especially in August)

        international agreements:
        NA

    • Note:
      largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean






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Revised 13-August-1997