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Guinea-Bissau


    • Location:
      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        36,120 sq km

        land area:
        28,000 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut

    • Land boundaries:
      total 724 km, Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km

    • Coastline:
      350 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

    • Terrain:
      mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east

    • Natural resources:
      unexploited deposits of petroleum, bauxite, phosphates, fish, timber

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        11%

        permanent crops:
        1%

        meadows and pastures:
        43%

        forest and woodland:
        38%

        other:
        7%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing

        natural hazards:
        hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification






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Revised 13-August-1997