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Guinea


    • Location:
      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        245,860 sq km

        land area:
        245,860 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Oregon

    • Land boundaries:
      total 3,399 km, Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km

    • Coastline:
      320 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

    • Terrain:
      generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior

    • Natural resources:
      bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        6%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        12%

        forest and woodland:
        42%

        other:
        40%

    • Irrigated land:
      240 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing

        natural hazards:
        hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification






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Revised 13-August-1997