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Guyana


    • Location:
      Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela

    • Map references:
      South America

    • Area:

        total area:
        214,970 sq km

        land area:
        196,850 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Idaho

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,462 km, Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km

    • Coastline:
      459 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      all of the area west of the Essequibo River claimed by Venezuela; Suriname claims area between New (Upper Courantyne) and Courantyne/Kutari Rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne)

    • Climate:
      tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)

    • Terrain:
      mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south

    • Natural resources:
      bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        3%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        6%

        forest and woodland:
        83%

        other:
        8%

    • Irrigated land:
      1,300 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation

        natural hazards:
        flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83






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