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Haiti


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Haiti

        conventional short form:
        Haiti

        local long form:
        Republique d'Haiti

        local short form:
        Haiti

    • Digraph:
      HA

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Port-au-Prince

    • Administrative divisions:
      9 departments, (departements, singular - departement); Artibonite, Centre, Grand'Anse, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est

    • Independence:
      1 January 1804 (from France)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 1 January (1804)

    • Constitution:
      approved March 1987, suspended June 1988, most articles reinstated March 1989; October 1991, government claims to be observing the Constitution

    • Legal system:
      based on Roman civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE (since 7 February 1991), ousted in a coup in September 1991 but, with US military support, returned to power on 15 October 1994; election last held 16 December 1990 (next to be held by December 1995); results - Rev. Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE 67.5%, Marc BAZIN 14.2%, Louis DEJOIE 4.9%

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Smarck MICHEL (since October 1994)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; chosen by prime minister in consultation with the president

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)

        Senate:
        elections last held 18 January 1993, widely condemned as illegitimate (next to be held 25 June 1994); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (27 total) FNCD 12, MIDH-PANPRA 8, PAIN 2, MRN 1, RDNP 1, PNT 1, independent 2

        Chamber of Deputies:
        elections last held 16 December 1990, with runoff held 20 January 1991 (next to be held 25 June 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (83 total) FNCD 27, MIDH-PANPRA 17, PDCH 7, PAIN 6, RDNP 6, MDN 5, PNT 3, MKN 2, MODELH 2, MRN 1, independents 5, other 2

    • Judicial branch:
      Court of Appeal (Cour de Cassation)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      National Front for Change and Democracy (FNCD), Evans PAUL, including National Cooperative Action Movement (MKN), Volvick Remy JOSEPH; National Congress of Democratic Movements (CONACOM), Victor BENOIT; Movement for the Installation of Democracy in Haiti (MIDH), Marc BAZIN; National Progressive Revolutionary Party (PANPRA), Serge GILLES; National Patriotic Movement of November 28 (MNP-28), Dejean BELIZAIRE; National Agricultural and Industrial Party (PAIN), Louis DEJOIE; Movement for National Reconstruction (MRN), Rene THEODORE; Haitian Christian Democratic Party (PDCH), Joseph DOUZE; Assembly of Progressive National Democrats (RDNP), Leslie MANIGAT; National Party of Labor (PNT), Thomas DESULME; Mobilization for National Development (MDN), Hubert DE RONCERAY; Democratic Movement for the Liberation of Haiti (MODELH), Francois LATORTUE; Haitian Social Christian Party (PSCH), Gregoire EUGENE; Movement for the Organization of the Country (MOP), Gesner COMEAU and Jean MOLIERE; Democratic Unity Confederation (KID), Evans PAUL; National Lavalas Political Organization (OPL), Gerard PIERRE/CHARLES

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Roman Catholic Church; Confederation of Haitian Workers (CTH); Federation of Workers Trade Unions (FOS); Autonomous Haitian Workers (CATH); National Popular Assembly (APN); Revolutionary Front for Haitian Advancement and Progress (FRAPH)

    • Member of:
      ACCT, ACP, CARICOM (observer), CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LAES, OAS, OPANAL, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Jean CASIMIR

        chancery:
        2311 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 332-4090 through 4092

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 745-7215

        consulate(s) general:
        Boston, Chicago, Miami, New York, and San Juan (Puerto Rico)

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador William Lacy SWING

        embassy:
        Harry Truman Boulevard, Port-au-Prince

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 1761, Port-au-Prince

        telephone:
        [509] 22-0354, 22-0368, 22-0200, 22-0612

        FAX:
        [509] 23-1641

    • Flag:
      two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength)






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Revised 13-August-1997