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Honduras


    • Location:
      Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Nicaragua

    • Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

    • Area:

        total area:
        112,090 sq km

        land area:
        111,890 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Tennessee

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,520 km, Guatemala 256 km, El Salvador 342 km, Nicaragua 922 km

    • Coastline:
      820 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        natural extension of territory or to 200 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      land boundary dispute with El Salvador mostly resolved by 11 September 1992 International Court of Justice (ICJ) decision; with respect to the maritime boundary in the Golfo de Fonseca, ICJ referred to an earlier agreement in this century and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua likely would be required

    • Climate:
      subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains

    • Terrain:
      mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

    • Natural resources:
      timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        14%

        permanent crops:
        2%

        meadows and pastures:
        30%

        forest and woodland:
        34%

        other:
        20%

    • Irrigated land:
      900 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of freshwater) with heavy metals as well as several rivers and streams

        natural hazards:
        frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; damaging hurricanes and floods along Caribbean coast

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change






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Revised 13-August-1997