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Hungary


    • Location:
      Central Europe, northwest of Romania

    • Map references:
      Ethnic Groups in Eastern Europe, Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        93,030 sq km

        land area:
        92,340 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Indiana

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,989 km, Austria 366 km, Croatia 329 km, Romania 443 km, Serbia and Montenegro 151 km (all with Serbia), Slovakia 515 km, Slovenia 82 km, Ukraine 103 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      Gabcikovo Dam dispute with Slovakia

    • Climate:
      temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers

    • Terrain:
      mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border

    • Natural resources:
      bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        50.7%

        permanent crops:
        6.1%

        meadows and pastures:
        12.6%

        forest and woodland:
        18.3%

        other:
        12.3%

    • Irrigated land:
      1,750 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        air pollution; industrial and municipal pollution of Lake Balaton

        natural hazards:
        levees are common along many streams, but flooding occurs almost every year

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin






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Revised 13-August-1997