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India


    • Population:
      936,545,814 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        35% (female 159,921,309; male 168,812,255)

        15-64 years:
        61% (female 274,105,407; male 296,145,798)

        65 years and over:
        4% (female 18,870,762; male 18,690,283) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      1.77% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      27.78 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      10.07 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      76.3 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        59.04 years

        male:
        58.5 years

        female:
        59.61 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      3.4 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Indian(s)

        adjective:
        Indian

    • Ethnic divisions:
      Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3%

    • Religions:
      Hindu 80%, Muslim 14%, Christian 2.4%, Sikh 2%, Buddhist 0.7%, Jains 0.5%, other 0.4%

    • Languages:
      English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication, Hindi the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people, Bengali (official), Telugu (official), Marathi (official), Tamil (official), Urdu (official), Gujarati (official), Malayalam (official), Kannada (official), Oriya (official), Punjabi (official), Assamese (official), Kashmiri (official), Sindhi (official), Sanskrit (official), Hindustani a popular variant of Hindu/Urdu, is spoken widely throughout northern India

        note:
        24 languages each spoken by a million or more persons; numerous other languages and dialects, for the most part mutually unintelligible

    • Literacy:
      age 7 and over can read and write (1991)

        total population:
        52%

        male:
        64%

        female:
        39%

    • Labor force:
      314.751 million (1990)

        by occupation:
        agriculture 65% (1993 est.)






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