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Indonesia Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean

    • Map references:
      Southeast Asia

    • Area:

        total area:
        1,919,440 sq km

        land area:
        1,826,440 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than three times the size of Texas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,602 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km

    • Coastline:
      54,716 km

    • Maritime claims:
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      sovereignty over Timor Timur (East Timor Province) disputed with Portugal and not recognized by the UN; two islands in dispute with Malaysia

    • Climate:
      tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands

    • Terrain:
      mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      75,500 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes, sewage; air pollution in urban areas

        natural hazards:
        occasional floods, severe droughts, and tsunamis

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Marine Life Conservation, Tropical Timber 94

    • Note:
      archipelago of 13,500 islands (6,000 inhabited); straddles Equator; strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from Indian Ocean to Pacific Ocean

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