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Ireland


    • Location:
      Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

    • Map references:
      Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        70,280 sq km

        land area:
        68,890 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than West Virginia

    • Land boundaries:
      total 360 km, UK 360 km

    • Coastline:
      1,448 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        not specified

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      Northern Ireland question with the UK; Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Denmark, Iceland, and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area)

    • Climate:
      temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

    • Terrain:
      mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

    • Natural resources:
      zinc, lead, natural gas, petroleum, barite, copper, gypsum, limestone, dolomite, peat, silver

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        14%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        71%

        forest and woodland:
        5%

        other:
        10%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

    • Note:
      strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 60 miles of Dublin






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Revised 13-August-1997