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Jamaica


    • Location:
      Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

    • Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

    • Area:

        total area:
        10,990 sq km

        land area:
        10,830 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Connecticut

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      1,022 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

    • Terrain:
      mostly mountains with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

    • Natural resources:
      bauxite, gypsum, limestone

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        19%

        permanent crops:
        6%

        meadows and pastures:
        18%

        forest and woodland:
        28%

        other:
        29%

    • Irrigated land:
      350 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills; damage to coral reefs; air pollution in Kingston results from vehicle emissions

        natural hazards:
        hurricanes (especially July to November)

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

    • Note:
      strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main sea lanes for Panama Canal






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