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Kenya


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Kenya

        conventional short form:
        Kenya

        former:
        British East Africa

    • Digraph:
      KE

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Nairobi

    • Administrative divisions:
      7 provinces and 1 area*; Central, Coast, Eastern, Nairobi Area*, North Eastern, Nyanza, Rift Valley, Western

    • Independence:
      12 December 1963 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 12 December (1963)

    • Constitution:
      12 December 1963, amended as a republic 1964; reissued with amendments 1979, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1991, and 1992

    • Legal system:
      based on English common law, tribal law, and Islamic law; judicial review in High Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations; constitutional amendment of 1982 making Kenya a de jure one-party state repealed in 1991

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI (since 14 October 1978); Vice President George SAITOTI (since 10 May 1989); election last held on 29 December 1992 (next to be held NA 1997); results - President Daniel T. arap MOI was reelected with 37% of the vote; Kenneth Matiba (FORD-ASILI) 26%; Mwai Kibaki (SP) 19%, Oginga Odinga (FORD-Kenya) 17%

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the president

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly (Bunge):
        elections last held on 29 December 1992 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (188 total) KANU 100, FORD-Kenya 31, FORD-Asili 31, DP 23, smaller parties 3; president nominates 12 additional members

        note:
        first multiparty election since repeal of one-party state law in 1991

    • Judicial branch:
      Court of Appeal, High Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      ruling party is Kenya African National Union (KANU), President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI; opposition parties include Forum for the Restoration of Democracy (FORD-Kenya), Michael WAMALWA; Forum for the Restoration of Democracy (FORD-Asili), Kenneth MATIBA; Democratic Party of Kenya (DP), Mwai KIBAKI

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      labor unions; Roman Catholic Church

    • Member of:
      ESCAP, FAO, G-77, ICAO, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMIL, UNU, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Benjamin Edgar KIPKORIR

        chancery:
        2249 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 387-6101

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 462-3829

        consulate(s) general:
        Los Angeles and New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Aurelia BRAZEAL

        embassy:
        corner of Moi Avenue and Haile Selassie Avenue, Nairobi

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 30137, Unit 64100, Nairobi; APO AE 09831

        telephone:
        [254] (2) 334141

        FAX:
        [254] (2) 340838

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center






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