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Korea, North


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Democratic People's Republic of Korea

        conventional short form:
        North Korea

        local long form:
        Choson-minjujuui-inmin-konghwaguk

        local short form:
        none

        note:
        the North Koreans generally use the term "Choson" to refer to their country

    • Abbreviation:
      DPRK

    • Digraph:
      KN

    • Type:
      Communist state; Stalinist dictatorship

    • Capital:
      P'yongyang

    • Administrative divisions:
      9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 3 special cities* (jikhalsi, singular and plural); Chagang-do (Chagang Province), Hamgyong-bukto (North Hamgyong Province), Hamgyong-namdo (South Hamgyong Province), Hwanghae-bukto (North Hwanghae Province), Hwanghae-namdo (South Hwanghae Province), Kaesong-si* (Kaesong City), Kangwon-do (Kangwon Province), Namp'o-si* (Namp'o City), P'yongan-bukto (North P'yongan Province), P'yongan-namdo (South P'yongan Province), P'yongyang-si* (P'yongyang City), Yanggang-do (Yanggang Province)

    • Independence:
      9 September 1948

        note:
        15 August 1945, date of independence from the Japanese and celebrated in North Korea as National Liberation Day

    • National holiday:
      DPRK Foundation Day, 9 September (1948)

    • Constitution:
      adopted 1948, completely revised 27 December 1972, revised again in April 1992

    • Legal system:
      based on German civil law system with Japanese influences and Communist legal theory; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      17 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        KIM Chong-il, is the son of and designated successor to former President KIM Il-song (who died 8 July 1994); formal succession has not yet taken place (January 1995); election last held 24 May 1990 (next to be held by NA); results - President KIM Il-song was reelected without opposition

        head of government:
        Premier KANG Song-san (since December 1992)

        cabinet:
        State Administration Council; appointed by the Supreme People's Assembly

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Supreme People's Assembly (Ch'oego Inmin Hoeui):
        elections last held on 7-9 April 1990 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (687 total) the KWP approves a single list of candidates who are elected without opposition; minor parties hold a few seats

    • Judicial branch:
      Central Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      major party - Korean Workers' Party (KWP), KIM Chong-il, secretary, Central Committee; Korean Social Democratic Party, KIM Pyong-sik, chairman; Chondoist Chongu Party, YU Mi-yong, chairwoman

    • Member of:
      ESCAP, FAO, G-77, ICAO, IFAD, IFRCS, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:
      none

    • US diplomatic representation:
      none

    • Flag:
      three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in white; on the hoist side of the red band is a white disk with a red five-pointed star






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