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Korea, South Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea, south of North Korea

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        98,480 sq km

        land area:
        98,190 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Indiana

    • Land boundaries:
      total 238 km, North Korea 238 km

    • Coastline:
      2,413 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        not specified

        territorial sea:
        12 nm; 3 nm in the Korea Strait

    • International disputes:
      Demarcation Line with North Korea; Liancourt Rocks claimed by Japan

    • Climate:
      temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

    • Terrain:
      mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south

    • Natural resources:
      coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      13,530 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        air pollution in large cities; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents; driftnet fishing

        natural hazards:
        occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; earthquakes in southwest

        international agreements:
        party to - Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea

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