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Kuwait


    • Location:
      Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia

    • Map references:
      Middle East

    • Area:

        total area:
        17,820 sq km

        land area:
        17,820 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than New Jersey

    • Land boundaries:
      total 464 km, Iraq 242 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km

    • Coastline:
      499 km

    • Maritime claims:

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      in November 1994, Iraq formally accepted the UN-demarcated border with Kuwait which had been spelled out in Security Council Resolutions 687 (1991), 773 (1993), and 883 (1993); this formally ends earlier claims to Kuwait and to Bubiyan and Warbah islands; ownership of Qaruh and Umm al Maradim islands disputed by Saudi Arabia

    • Climate:
      dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters

    • Terrain:
      flat to slightly undulating desert plain

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        0%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        8%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        92%

    • Irrigated land:
      20 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification

        natural hazards:
        sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April, they bring inordinate amounts of rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and duststorms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August

        international agreements:
        party to - Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping

    • Note:
      strategic location at head of Persian Gulf






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