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Latvia Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        64,100 sq km

        land area:
        64,100 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than West Virginia

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,078 km, Belarus 141 km, Estonia 267 km, Lithuania 453 km, Russia 217 km

    • Coastline:
      531 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

    • International disputes:
      the Abrene section of border ceded by the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic to Russia in 1944

    • Climate:
      maritime; wet, moderate winters

    • Terrain:
      low plain

    • Natural resources:
      minimal; amber, peat, limestone, dolomite

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      160 sq km (1990)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        air and water pollution because of a lack of waste conversion equipment; Gulf of Riga and Daugava River heavily polluted; contamination of soil and groundwater with chemicals and petroleum products at military bases

        natural hazards:

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Hazardous Wastes, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change

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