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Lebanon


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Lebanon

        conventional short form:
        Lebanon

        local long form:
        Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah

        local short form:
        none

    • Digraph:
      LE

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Beirut

    • Administrative divisions:
      5 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Biqa, 'Al Janub, Ash Shamal, Bayrut, Jabal Lubnan

    • Independence:
      22 November 1943 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 22 November (1943)

    • Constitution:
      23 May 1926, amended a number of times

    • Legal system:
      mixture of Ottoman law, canon law, Napoleonic code, and civil law; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      21 years of age; compulsory for all males; authorized for women at age 21 with elementary education

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Ilyas HARAWI (since 24 November 1989); note - by custom, the president is a Maronite Christian, the prime minister is a Sunni Muslim, and the speaker of the legislature is a Shi'a Muslim

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Rafiq HARIRI (since 22 October 1992)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; chosen by the president in consultation with the members of the National Assembly

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly:
        legislative election in 20 years was held in the summer of 1992; the National Assembly is composed of 128 deputies, one-half Christian and one-half Muslim; its mandate expires in 1996

    • Judicial branch:
      four Courts of Cassation (three courts for civil and commercial cases and one court for criminal cases)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      political party activity is organized along largely sectarian lines; numerous political groupings exist, consisting of individual political figures and followers motivated by religious, clan, and economic considerations

    • Member of:
      ABEDA, ACCT, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OIC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNRWA, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Riyad TABBARAH

        chancery:
        2560 28th Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 939-6300

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 939-6324

        consulate(s) general:
        Detroit, New York, and Los Angeles

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        (vacant)

        embassy:
        Antelias, Beirut

        address:
        P. O. Box 70-840, Beirut; PSC 815, Box 2, Beirut; FPO AE 09836-0002

        telephone:
        [961] (1) 402200, 403300, 416502, 426183, 417774

        FAX:
        [961] (1) 407112

    • Flag:
      three horizontal bands of red (top), white (double width), and red with a green and brown cedar tree centered in the white band






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