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Lesotho


    • Location:
      Southern Africa, an enclave of South Africa

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        30,350 sq km

        land area:
        30,350 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Maryland

    • Land boundaries:
      total 909 km, South Africa 909 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      temperate; cool to cold, dry winters; hot, wet summers

    • Terrain:
      mostly highland with plateaus, hills, and mountains

    • Natural resources:

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        10%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        66%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        24%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        population pressure forcing settlement in marginal areas results in overgrazing, severe soil erosion, soil exhaustion; desertification; Highlands Water Project will control, store, and redirect water to South Africa

        natural hazards:
        periodic droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

    • Note:
      landlocked; surrounded by South Africa






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