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Liechtenstein


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Principality of Liechtenstein

        conventional short form:
        Liechtenstein

        local long form:
        Furstentum Liechtenstein

        local short form:
        Liechtenstein

    • Digraph:
      LS

    • Type:
      hereditary constitutional monarchy

    • Capital:
      Vaduz

    • Administrative divisions:
      11 communes (gemeinden, singular - gemeinde); Balzers, Eschen, Gamprin, Mauren, Planken, Ruggell, Schaan, Schellenberg, Triesen, Triesenberg, Vaduz

    • Independence:
      23 January 1719 (Imperial Principality of Liechtenstein established)

    • National holiday:
      Assumption Day, 15 August

    • Constitution:
      5 October 1921

    • Legal system:
      local civil and penal codes; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        Prince Hans ADAM II (since 13 November 1989; assumed executive powers 26 August 1984); Heir Apparent Prince ALOIS von und zu Liechtenstein (born 11 June 1968)

        head of government:
        Mario FRICK (since 15 December 1993); Deputy Head of Government Dr. Thomas BUECHEL (since 15 December 1993)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; elected by the Diet; confirmed by the sovereign

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Diet (Landtag):
        elections last held on 24 October 1993 (next to be held by March 1997); results - VU 50.1%, FBP 41.3%, FL 8.5%; seats - (25 total) VU 13, FBP 11, FL 1

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) for criminal cases, Superior Court (Obergericht) for civil cases

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Fatherland Union (VU), Dr. Oswald KRANTZ; Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP), Otmar HASLER; The Free List (FL)

    • Member of:
      CE, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, GATT, IAEA, ICRM, IFRCS, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WCL, WIPO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:
      in routine diplomatic matters, Liechtenstein is represented in the US by the Swiss Embassy

    • US diplomatic representation:
      the US has no diplomatic or consular mission in Liechtenstein, but the US Consul General at Zurich (Switzerland) has consular accreditation at Vaduz

    • Flag:
      two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a gold crown on the hoist side of the blue band






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