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Macau Government 1996

    • Names:

        conventional long form:

        conventional short form:

        local long form:

        local short form:
        Ilha de Macau

    • Digraph:

    • Type:
      overseas territory of Portugal scheduled to revert to China in 1999

    • Capital:

    • Administrative divisions:
      2 districts (concelhos, singular - concelho); Ilhas, Macau

    • Independence:
      none (territory of Portugal; Portugal signed an agreement with China on 13 April 1987 to return Macau to China on 20 December 1999; in the joint declaration, China promises to respect Macau's existing social and economic systems and lifestyle for 50 year after transition)

    • National holiday:
      Day of Portugal, 10 June (1580)

    • Constitution:
      17 February 1976, Organic Law of Macau; basic law drafted primarily by Beijing awaiting final approval

    • Legal system:
      Portuguese civil law system

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President (of Portugal) Mario Alberto SOARES (since 9 March 1986)

        head of government:
        Governor Gen. Vasco Joachim Rocha VIEIRA (since 20 March 1991)

        Consultative Council; consists of five members appointed by the governor, two nominated by the governor, five members elected for a four-year term (2 represent administrative bodies, 1 represents moral, cultural, and welfare interests, and 2 economic interests), and three statuatory members

    • Legislative branch:

        Legislative Assembly:
        elections last held on 10 March 1991 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (23 total, 8 elected by universal suffrage, 8 by indirect suffrage, and 7 appointed by the governor) number of seats by party NA

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Association to Defend the Interests of Macau; Macau Democratic Center; Group to Study the Development of Macau; Macau Independent Group

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      wealthy Macanese and Chinese representing local interests, wealthy pro-Communist merchants representing China's interests; in January 1967 the Macau Government acceded to Chinese demands that gave China veto power over administration

    • Member of:
      CCC, ESCAP (associate), GATT, IMO (associate), INTERPOL (subbureau), WTO (associate)

    • Diplomatic representation in US:
      none (Chinese territory under Portuguese administration)

    • US diplomatic representation:
      the US has no offices in Macau, and US interests are monitored by the US Consulate General in Hong Kong

    • Flag:
      the flag of Portugal is used

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