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Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southeastern Europe, north of Greece

    • Map references:
      Ethnic Groups in Eastern Europe, Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        25,333 sq km

        land area:
        24,856 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Vermont

    • Land boundaries:
      total 748 km, Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 228 km, Serbia and Montenegro 221 km (all with Serbia)

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      dispute with Greece over name, symbols, and certain constitutional provisions

    • Climate:
      hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall

    • Terrain:
      mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; there are three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

    • Natural resources:
      chromium, lead, zinc, manganese, tungsten, nickel, low-grade iron ore, asbestos, sulphur, timber

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        air pollution from metallurgical plants

        natural hazards:
        high seismic risks

        international agreements:
        party to - Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

    • Note:
      landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe

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