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Malawi


    • Location:
      Southern Africa, east of Zambia

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        118,480 sq km

        land area:
        94,080 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Pennsylvania

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,881 km, Mozambique 1,569 km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      dispute with Tanzania over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi)

    • Climate:
      tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)

    • Terrain:
      narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains

    • Natural resources:
      limestone, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        25%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        20%

        forest and woodland:
        50%

        other:
        5%

    • Irrigated land:
      200 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish population

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      landlocked






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