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Marshall Islands Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Oceania, group of atolls and reefs in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Papua New Guinea

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        181.3 sq km

        land area:
        181.3 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Washington, DC

        includes the atolls of Bikini, Eniwetak, and Kwajalein

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      370.4 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      claims US territory of Wake Island

    • Climate:
      wet season May to November; hot and humid; islands border typhoon belt

    • Terrain:
      low coral limestone and sand islands

    • Natural resources:
      phosphate deposits, marine products, deep seabed minerals

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        inadequate supplies of potable water

        natural hazards:
        occasional typhoons

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

    • Note:
      two archipelagic island chains of 30 atolls and 1,152 islands; Bikini and Eniwetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous World War II battleground, is now used as a US missile test range

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