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Mauritius


    • Location:
      Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

    • Map references:
      World

    • Area:

        total area:
        1,860 sq km

        land area:
        1,850 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than 10.5 times the size of Washington, DC

        note:
        includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      177 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      claims UK-administered Chagos Archipelago, which includes the island of Diego Garcia in UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory; claims French-administered Tromelin Island

    • Climate:
      tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)

    • Terrain:
      small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

    • Natural resources:
      arable land, fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        54%

        permanent crops:
        4%

        meadows and pastures:
        4%

        forest and woodland:
        31%

        other:
        7%

    • Irrigated land:
      170 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        water pollution

        natural hazards:
        cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection






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