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Mongolia


    • Location:
      Northern Asia, north of China

    • Map references:
      Asia

    • Area:

        total area:
        1.565 million sq km

        land area:
        1.565 million sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Alaska

    • Land boundaries:
      total 8,114 km, China 4,673 km, Russia 3,441 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)

    • Terrain:
      vast semidesert and desert plains; mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in southeast

    • Natural resources:
      oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, wolfram, fluorspar, gold

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        1%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        79%

        forest and woodland:
        10%

        other:
        10%

    • Irrigated land:
      770 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        limited natural fresh water resources; policies of the former communist regime promoting rapid urbanization and industrial growth have raised concerns about their negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal and the concentration of factories in Ulaanbaatar have severely polluted the air; deforestation, overgrazing, the converting of virgin land to agricultural production have increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification

        natural hazards:
        duststorms can occur in the spring

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      landlocked; strategic location between China and Russia






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