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Namibia Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        825,418 sq km

        land area:
        825,418 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than half the size of Alaska

    • Land boundaries:
      total 3,824 km, Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 855 km, Zambia 233 km

    • Coastline:
      1,572 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      short section of boundary with Botswana is indefinite; quadripoint with Botswana, Zambia, and Zimbabwe is in disagreement; dispute with Botswana over uninhabited Kasikili ( Sidudu) Island in Linyanti (Chobe) River remained unresolved in mid-February 1995 and the parties agreed to refer the matter to the International Court of Justice;

    • Climate:
      desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic

    • Terrain:
      mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east

    • Natural resources:
      diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, vanadium, natural gas, fish; suspected deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      40 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        very limited natural fresh water resources; desertification

        natural hazards:
        prolonged periods of drought

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change

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