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Nauru


    • Location:
      Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands

    • Map references:
      Oceania

    • Area:

        total area:
        21 sq km

        land area:
        21 sq km

        comparative area:
        about one-tenth the size of Washington, DC

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      30 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical; monsoonal; rainy season (November to February)

    • Terrain:
      sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center

    • Natural resources:
      phosphates

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        0%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        0%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        100%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        limited natural fresh water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater; phosphate mining threatens limited remaining land resources

        natural hazards:
        periodic droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Marine Dumping; signed, but not ratified - Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia; only 53 km south of Equator






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Revised 13-August-1997