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Nepal Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southern Asia, between China and India

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        140,800 sq km

        land area:
        136,800 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Arkansas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,926 km, China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south

    • Terrain:
      Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north

    • Natural resources:
      quartz, water, timber, hydroelectric potential, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      9,430 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        the almost total dependence on wood for fuel and cutting down trees to expand agricultural land without replanting has resulted in widespread deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution (use of contaminated water presents human health risks)

        natural hazards:
        severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

    • Note:
      landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks

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